The centre of gravity (centre of mass), is the point at which the whole weight of a body is considered to act.
Centre of gravity for irregular objects
Here is an activity to determine the centre of mass of a plane lamina.
You will need:
An irregularly shaped piece of flat cardboard, lamina (See pic below)
A cork or other soft material such as styrofoam
A plumbob, string with a weight at the end
A place to clamp the cork. If in a lab use a retort stand, if at home use two books to secure the cork
(Download lamina template)
Stick the lamina through with the pin close to one edge, (point A)
Stick the pin into the cork and clamp the cork using the retort stand or secure with books
Ensure that the lamina hangs freely in the vertical direction
Tie the plumb-bob onto the end of the pin so that it hangs in front of the lamina
Ensure the plum-bob and lamina come to rest
Mark the opposite end of the lamina where the plumb-bob touches, (point B)
Dismount the lamina and draw a line connecting the point of suspension to the opposite end i.e connect point A to point B
Repeat this procedure twice using different edges as the starting point
Mark the point of intersection of the three lines
This point is the centre of gravity
Try to balance the lamina at its centre of gravity on your finger. Did it work?
These images are only for illustration purposes only
Here is a video showing the process.
Centre of gravity for regular objects
The centre of gravity of objects that have uniform thickness and density is usually at its geometrical centre. Examples of these are
By APN MJM – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18108175